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What is Titanium

Gregor discovered Titanium in 1791, Klaproth named it in 1795. Nilson and Pettersson prepared impure Titanium in 1887. Hunter produces pure metal 99,9% in 1910 by heating TiCl4 with sodium.

Titanium is as strong as steel but 45% lighter; it is twice as strong as aluminium and only 60% heavier.

The metal was a laboratory curiosity until Kroll showed in 1946 that titanium could be produced commercially by reducing Titanium tetra chloride with magnesium. This method is still widely used today.

Titanium shows resistance to dilute sulphuric and hydrochloric acid solutions, most organic acids, most chlorine gas, and chloride solutions.